Accession Number : AD0696984

Title :   THEORY OF DIELECTRIC RELAXATION IN POLAR LIQUIDS.

Descriptive Note : Technical note,

Corporate Author : MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK INST FOR FLUID DYNAMICS AND APPLIED MATHEMATICS

Personal Author(s) : Nee,Tsu-Wei ; Zwanzig,Robert

Report Date : SEP 1969

Pagination or Media Count : 53

Abstract : The theory of dielectric relaxation in a model polar liquid is developed and applied to experimental data. The model is a spherical Onsager cavity, with a uniform dielectric background described by the high frequency limit dielectric constant, and containing a permanent point dipole. The dipole moment undergoes rotational Brownian motion in the cavity. Dielectric friction on the rotating dipole is taken into account, and leads to a frequency dependent relaxation time. Earlier theoretical results, obtained first by Klug, Kranbuehl, and Vaughn, and by Fatuzzo and Mason, are rederived. When the rotational Brownian motion is spherically isotropic, approximate Debye relaxation is found. When the rotational Brownian motion of the dipole is restricted to a constant angle with respect to some fixed axis, approximate Davidson-Cole relaxation is found. Experimental data on glycerol and i-amyl bromide are analyzed this way. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*LIQUIDS, *DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES), (*DIFFUSION, DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES), ALKANES, RELAXATION TIME, DIPOLE MOMENTS, GLYCEROLS, BROMINE COMPOUNDS, ORGANIC SOLVENTS, FLUID DYNAMICS

Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE