Accession Number : AD0697662
Title : IN VITRO MOTOR ACTIVITY OF RAT SMALL INTESTINE FOLLOWING WHOLE-BODY X IRRADIATION.
Descriptive Note : Scientific rept.,
Corporate Author : ARMED FORCES RADIOBIOLOGY RESEARCH INST BETHESDA MD
Personal Author(s) : Kagnoff,M. F. ; Harvey,S. A.
Report Date : OCT 1969
Pagination or Media Count : 24
Abstract : In vitro contractions of small intestinal segments were studied at varying times following exposure of rats to whole-body x irradiation. Jejunal contractions were measured 20 to 40 minutes, 4 to 6 hours, 1 day, 2 days, 3 days, 5 days, 7 days, 11 days and 30 days following 25 R, 100 R, and 700 R, as well as during the first 3 days following 1500 R. Duodenum and ileum were studied 2 and 3 days following 1500 R. Sham irradiated rats served as controls. The irregular 'multicomponent' contraction pattern characteristic of jejunal segments from nonirradiated rats was changed to a more regular pattern 2 and 3 days after 1500 R, 700 R, and 100 R; in addition, exposures with 1500 R and 700 R increased contraction amplitude. Two and three days following 1500 R, duodenal but not ileal segments showed increased regularity. Furthermore, the gradient of contraction frequency (duodenum>jejunum>ileum) was maintained, but the gradient of contraction regularity (ileum>jejunum>duodenum) was changed. Changes in small intestinal motor function following whole-body radiation may significantly contribute to the pathophysiology of intestinal radiation injury. (Author)
Descriptors : (*RADIATION EFFECTS, INTESTINES), (*INTESTINES, CONTRACTION), IN VITRO ANALYSIS, WHOLE BODY IRRADIATION, X RAYS, RADIATION INJURIES, PHYSIOLOGY, PATHOLOGY, RATS
Subject Categories : Radiobiology
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE