Accession Number : AD0697950

Title :   STABILITY THEORY FOR A PAIR OF TRAILING VORTICES,

Corporate Author : BOEING SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH LABS SEATTLE WASH FLIGHT SCIENCES LAB

Personal Author(s) : Crow,S. C.

Report Date : SEP 1969

Pagination or Media Count : 42

Abstract : Trailing vortices do not decay by simple diffusion. Usually they undergo a symmetric and nearly sinusoidal instability, until eventually they join at intervals to form a train of vortex rings. The theory accounts for the instability during the early stages of its growth. The vortices are idealized as interacting lines; their core diameters are taken into account by a cut-off in the line integral representing self-induction. The equation relating induced velocity to vortex displacement gives rise to an eigenvalue problem for the growth rate of sinusoidal perturbations. Stability is found to depend on the products of vortex separation (b) and cut-off distance (d) times the perturbation wavenumber. Depending on those products, both symmetric and antisymmetric eigenmodes can be unstable, but only the symmetric mode involves strongly interacting long waves. An argument is presented that d/b = 0.07 for the vortices trailing from an elliptically loaded wing. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*VORTICES, STABILITY), THEORY, VELOCITY, FLOW SEPARATION, WINGS, TRAILING EDGE

Subject Categories : Aerodynamics
      Aircraft
      Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE