Accession Number : AD0697987

Title :   THERMAL DEGRADATION OF POLYESTERS. PART II. AROMATIC AND SEMIAROMATIC POLYMERS.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept. 1 Jul 67-1 Jul 68,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE MATERIALS LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO

Personal Author(s) : Goldfarb,I. J. ; McGuchan,R.

Report Date : OCT 1969

Pagination or Media Count : 57

Abstract : Poly(hexamethylene terephthalate) degrades by the mechanism observed for aliphatic polymers--random scission and subsequent reaction of the olefinic and acid end-groups. When the acid part is aliphatic as in poly(1,4-phenylene succinate) and poly(1,4-phenylene sebacate), the polymers are less stable initially than comparable aliphatic polyesters. The degradation mechanism is more complex and involves cross-linking; the cross-linked sebacate product breaks down by a second degradation reaction but the succinate forms a residue which does not undergo further breakdown. Fully aromatic systems studied, namely poly(1,4-phenylene terephthalate), poly(1,3-phenylene isophthalate), poly(1,4-phenylene isophthalate-co-terephthalate) and poly(4,4'-biphenylene isophthalate), were more thermally stable, especially the all para system, and 35 to 45% of the initial weight remained at 800C. Features such as initial low activation energy processes, complex rate curves with several components and char formation at high temperatures imposed difficulties in kinetic analysis of the degradations by programmed thermogravimetry. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*POLYESTER PLASTICS, DEGRADATION), (*THERMOGRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS, POLYESTER PLASTICS), PYROLYSIS, THERMAL STABILITY, DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL ANALYSIS, AROMATIC COMPOUNDS, INFRARED SPECTRA, MASS SPECTRA, FREE RADICALS

Subject Categories : Polymer Chemistry
      Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE