Accession Number : AD0698263

Title :   AN ATTEMPT TO MEASURE THE DEGREE OF ADAPTATION PRODUCED BY DIFFERING AMOUNTS OF CORIOLIS VESTIBULAR STIMULATION IN THE SLOW ROTATION ROOM.

Descriptive Note : Joint rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL AEROSPACE MEDICAL INST PENSACOLA FLA

Personal Author(s) : Reason,James T. ; Graybiel,Ashton

Report Date : JUL 1969

Pagination or Media Count : 16

Abstract : The problem was to obtain a quantitative estimate of the degree of adaptation acquired as the result of different amounts of Coriolis stimulation. Subjects executed a predetermined number of controlled 90 deg. head motions at 5 rpm in the slow rotation room. Three measures of adaptation were used: (1) the number of perrotatory head movements evoking sensations due to the Coriolis acceleration, (2) the direction and duration of the Coriolis oculogyral illusion both during and immediately after the period of rotation, and (3) the number of postrotatory sensations producing some detectable after-sensation. The first measure was included to provide an indication of individual differences in adaptability; the remaining two were designed to reveal treatment effects. Six conditions of exposure, ranging from 30 to 180 sequences of eight motions each, produced no measurable differences in the degree of adaptation acquired. A positive and significant correlation was obtained between the number of perrotatory motions evoking a Coriolis reaction (irrespective of the total number of sequences executed) and the number of postrotatory motions producing an after-sensation. In a second experiment, the range of exposures was limited to 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 sequences. Only the shortest exposure produced a measure of adaptation that was significantly less than that in the other conditions. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*ROTATION, ADAPTATION(PHYSIOLOGY)), STIMULATION(PHYSIOLOGY), EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY), MEASUREMENT, SPACE FLIGHT, PROTECTION, HEAD(ANATOMY), MOTION SICKNESS, ACCELERATION TOLERANCE, VESTIBULAR APPARATUS

Subject Categories : Stress Physiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE