Accession Number : AD0700433

Title :   EQUITY AND DISTRIBUTION OF REWARDS,

Corporate Author : MICHIGAN STATE UNIV EAST LANSING DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Lane,Irving M. ; Messe,Lawrence A.

Report Date : 27 JAN 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 129

Abstract : The paper reports the results of two studies which examined propositions derived from equity theory concerning how persons distribute rewards to themselves and others. Such behavior can be classified into three types of distribution responses. Study 1 investigated the distribution responses of persons who each had unilateral power to determine their own rewards and those of one other person, when both had equal inputs. Results supported predictions generated from equity theory concerning the relative frequencies of distribution responses. Also, a number of situational and personal variables were found to affect responses. In Study 2, subjects distributed rewards in one of four groups constituted such that differences in the input levels of the chooser and his co-worker were systemically varied. Results only partially supported equity theory since only the inputs of the co-worker affected choices. Taken together, the results of both studies indicate that persons do conform to a norm of equity which lessens the potential for conflict present in all social situations. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY)), REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), ORGANIZATIONS, SOCIOLOGY, DISTRIBUTION, AWARDS

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE