Accession Number : AD0701908

Title :   LITERATURE SURVEY ON THE INFLUENCE OF ALLOYING ELEMENTS ON THE FRACTURE TOUGHNESS OF HIGH ALLOY STEELS.

Descriptive Note : Interim technical rept. 13 Mar-13 Jul 69,

Corporate Author : TRW EQUIPMENT GROUP CLEVELAND OHIO MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY LAB

Personal Author(s) : Vishnevsky,C.

Report Date : FEB 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 82

Abstract : A literature survey was conducted on the effects of alloying elements on the toughness of various high alloy steels. Included in this survey were 12 and 18%Ni maraging grades, 9Ni-4Co steels, 5-9%Ni age hardening steels, 130/150 and 180/210 ksi yield strength submarine hull steels and various intermediate experimental steel types. Brief consideration was also given to some lower alloy compositions. The results of the survey indicated that nickel provides the most consistent benefits to toughness. With few exceptions carbon, silicon, and manganese are highly undesirable alloy additions. Tramp impurities such as phosphorus and sulfur are detrimental and large improvements in toughness are observed when these elements are reduced to extremely low levels (.002%). Cobalt performs multiple functions and is most desirable in steels containing 9% or more nickel. The carbide formers, chromium, and molybdenum behave in an interdependent fashion which varies with steel type. The most consistent benefit these elements (as well as other carbide dormers) have on toughness is in providing secondary hardening at high tempering temperatures. The use of low carbon or alloy martensites causes the most significant improvements in toughness of high alloy steels. Large increases in strength with minimal loss in toughness are possible with microstructural control by thermal or thermomechanical processing. Austenite grain refinement by thermal cycling is a particularly attractive process for obtaining a high strength-toughness balance in many steels. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*STEEL, TOUGHNESS), NICKEL ALLOYS, COBALT ALLOYS, DISPERSION HARDENING, FRACTURE(MECHANICS), IMPURITIES, MICROSTRUCTURE, REVIEWS

Subject Categories : Properties of Metals and Alloys

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE