Accession Number : AD0702487

Title :   PARAMETRIC GENERATION OF ULTRASONIC WAVES: LINEAR AND NONLINEAR PHENOMENA.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : TENNESSEE UNIV KNOXVILLE ULTRASONICS LAB

Personal Author(s) : Adler,Laszlo

Report Date : JAN 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 76

Abstract : The problem of a fluid-filled cavity caused to resonate by an ultrasonic wave is described as a parametric phenomenon. Variations of the cavity dimensions produce instabilities in the liquid. As a result fractional harmonics of the driver's frequency are parametrically generated. The wave equation describing the system is transformed into an ordinary differential equation with varying coefficients. The solution of this differential equation (Mathieu's equation) predicts a frequency spectrum which agrees with that observed experimentally. From the limit of the region of instability of the Mathieu function, a threshold of parametric excitation is obtained. This threshold criterion relates the amplitude and frequency of the driver transducer to the cavity length and to the absorption per wavelength of the medium. The nonlinearity of the medium, although it appears to be responsible for limiting the growth of the parametrically excited ultrasonic wave, does not affect the threshold. Reasonable agreement between theory and experiment is obtained. Examples of parametric phenomena observed in many branches of physics are discussed. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*ULTRASONIC RADIATION, CAVITY RESONATORS), ELECTROACOUSTIC TRANSDUCERS, DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, LIQUIDS, THESES

Subject Categories : Acoustics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE