Accession Number : AD0708012

Title :   RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MARINE FOULING AND CORROSION RATE OF CARBON STEEL AND ALUMINUM ALLOY AT THE SURFACE AND AT 6,000-FOOT DEPTH,

Corporate Author : NAVAL CIVIL ENGINEERING LAB PORT HUENEME CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Muraoka,J. S.

Report Date : MAY 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 57

Abstract : Carbon steel (1010) and aluminum alloy (7178-T6) panels were exposed at the surface (23 to 286 days) and at 6,000-foot depth (189 days) in the Pacific Ocean (1) to determine the effects of fouling organisms on the corrosion rate and (2) to compare the biological corrosion rate of identical test panels submerged at the two depths. Seawater samples obtained at the surface and at depth were analyzed for dissolved oxygen concentration, pH, salinity and temperature. Bacteriological tests were also conducted on seawater samples. The test panels were submerged in the sea as follows to obtain data on corrosion rates: (1) enclosed inside an initially sterile plastic cylindrical chamber with both ends sealed with membrane filters (control panels), (2) placed inside a cylinder covered with 210-mesh nylon screen cloth, (3) placed inside a cylinder with both ends uncovered, and (4) attached to a phenolic plastic strip (exposed panels). The control specimens became contaminated; however, from corrosion data obtained on test panels exposed on the seafloor in 6,000 feet of water, it is concluded that slime films played a significant role in accelerating corrosion of test specimens. Test panels exposed at the surface corroded at faster rates than replicate test panels which were exposed on the seafloor in 6,000 feet of water. The corrosion rates of both steel and aluminum alloy panels approach constancy after extended exposure in the sea. The various environmental factors and their effects on the corrosion rates at the surface of the sea and at great depth on the seafloor are discussed. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*STRUCTURES, SEA WATER), (*STEEL, CORROSION), (*ALUMINUM, CORROSION), LIQUID IMMERSION TESTS, FOULING, DEGRADATION, DEEP WATER

Subject Categories : Properties of Metals and Alloys

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE