Accession Number : AD0708873

Title :   ANOMALOUS WATER,

Corporate Author : ARMY MISSILE COMMAND REDSTONE ARSENAL ALA ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS DIV

Personal Author(s) : Allan,Barry D. ; Norman,Ralph L.

Report Date : 01 JUN 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 21

Abstract : Of the many anomalies reported for water, the study concentrated on those anomalous properties exhibited by three types of material--the bound water in animate nature, the interfacially or structurally ordered water in inanimate nature, and the anomalous water (superwater, polywater, orthowater, etc.) produced in the laboratory. In the cells of living tissues there exists a structure of water that reduces the freezing point temperature and is apparently so closely bound in some instances as to be a part of the cell structure rather than just interfacial to the structure. Among inanimate objects there is ample evidence that water is highly ordered in small capillaries, between closely spaced surfaces, and in gels and clays. The anomalous water produced in the laboratory is prepared at an interface and seems highly dependent on the surface. The properties reported for this material--increase in viscosity, reduction in freezing point, increase in boiling point, and reduction in vapor pressure--are the same as those reported for ordered water found at other interfaces. It is believed that the laboratory anomalous water, like that found in nature, is interfacial in structural makeup and will revert to ordinary water soon after removal from its interfacial formation sites. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*WATER, ANOMALIES), SURFACE PROPERTIES, INTERFACES, MOLECULAR STRUCTURE, CELLS(BIOLOGY), CLAY, CAPILLARY TUBES

Subject Categories : Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE