Accession Number : AD0708935

Title :   CRACKING OF EARTH AND ROCKFILL DAMS. A THEORETICAL INVESTIGATION BY MEANS OF THE FINITE ELEMENT METHOD.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : HARVARD UNIV CAMBRIDGE MASS

Personal Author(s) : Covarrubias,Sergio W.

Report Date : APR 1969

Pagination or Media Count : 166

Abstract : The principal purpose of this study was to investigate by means of the finite element method the effect of the shape of abutments, the effect of compressibility of the foundation, and the effect of zoning of dams on the development of tension cracks in earth and rockfill dams. All materials were assumed to be linearly elastic, with equal properties in tension and in compression. The only load considered was the weight of the embankment, and it was assumed to be applied in a single lift. These assumptions exaggerate the development of tension zones and, therefore, are considered to be justified for the purposes of this investigation. Comparison of the results of finite element analyses of four dams which have cracked, or in which large tension zones have developed, with the observed performance of these dams, has demonstrated good agreement between the theoretical results and the observations. Detailed investigation by means of the finite element method included sixteen longitudinal and fourteen transverse cross sections of idealized dams and the above-mentioned four case records. These analyses showed that by application of the finite element method it is indeed possible to locate zones within dams where tension cracks are likely to develop. The agreement between the observed and computed tension zones and the distribution of longitudinal strains along the crest was found to be reasonably good. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*DAMS, FOUNDATIONS(STRUCTURES)), (*FOUNDATIONS(STRUCTURES), CRACKS), SHEAR STRESSES, ROCK, SOIL MECHANICS, CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS, PARTICLE SIZE, ELASTIC PROPERTIES, REVETMENTS, CRACK PROPAGATION, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, COMPUTER PROGRAMS

Subject Categories : Civil Engineering
      Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE