Accession Number : AD0709238

Title :   MAGNETIC FIELD AND PRESSURE EFFECTS IN A SATURATED GAS LASER AMPLIFIER,

Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA INST OF TECH PASADENA DIV OF ENGINEERING AND APPLIED SCIENCE

Personal Author(s) : Menzies,Robert T.

Report Date : MAR 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 201

Abstract : Theoretical and experimental studies of a gas laser amplifier are presented, assuming the amplifier is operating with a saturating optical frequency signal. The analysis is primarily concerned with the effects of the gas pressure and the presence of an axial magnetic field on the characteristics of the amplifying medium. Semi-classical radiation theory is used, along with a density matrix description of the atomic medium which relates the motion of single atoms to the macroscopic observables. A two-level description of the atom, using phenomenological source rates and decay rates, forms the basis of our analysis of the gas laser medium. Pressure effects are taken into account to a large extent through suitable choices of decay rate parameters. The behavior of a He-Ne gas laser amplifier in the presence of an axial magnetic field has been studied experimentally by measuring gain and Faraday rotation of linearly polarized resonant laser signals for various values of input signal intensity, and by measuring nonlinearity - induced anisotropy for elliptically polarized resonant laser signals of various input intensities. The experimental results agree quite well with corresponding theoretical expressions which have been developed to include the nonlinear effects of saturation strength signals. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*GAS LASERS, THEORY), PRESSURE, HELIUM, NEON, ELECTRON TRANSITIONS, MOLECULAR ENERGY LEVELS, ZEEMAN EFFECT

Subject Categories : Lasers and Masers

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE