Accession Number : AD0709687

Title :   THE RECENT DEVELOPMENT OF PERMANENT MAGNET MATERIALS CONTAINING RARE EARTH METALS.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept. 1 Jan-31 Oct 69,

Corporate Author : DAYTON UNIV OHIO RESEARCH INST

Personal Author(s) : Strnat,Karl J.

Report Date : JUN 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 32

Abstract : The prospect that permanent magnets with previously unattainable coercivities and energy products might be made from cobalt-rare earth alloys has caused intense research efforts in the last three years. Alternative ways of preparing magnets from powders and by casting were demonstrated in several laboratories. (BH)max of about 20MGOe and (M)H(c)>25000 Oe have been achieved with SmCo5, and the development of manufacturing processes for magnets made from this alloy has begun. The paper reviews the basic concepts, properties of the alloys of interest and the physical factors influencing the coercive force. Approaches to alloy, powder and magnet fabrication are discussed, with their merts and drawbacks; also problems incurred in the materials development and their possible solutions. Application areas are reviewed and some economic factors considered. It is concluded that the RCo5 magnets are indeed beginning to live up to their promise, but that more materials research, process development and circuit redesign are needed if their potential is to be fully utilized. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS, *MAGNETS), (*COBALT ALLOYS, MAGNETS), (*RARE EARTH ELEMENTS, MAGNETS), MAGNETIC PROPERTIES, POWDER METALLURGY, TEMPERATURE, COMPACTING, SAMARIUM

Subject Categories : Electricity and Magnetism

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE