Accession Number : AD0711021
Title : ASSESSMENT OF NUCLEAR WEAPON REQUIREMENTS FOR ASSURED DESTRUCTION.
Descriptive Note : Final rept.,
Corporate Author : URS RESEARCH CO SAN MATEO CA
Personal Author(s) : Miller, Carl F.
Report Date : FEB 1970
Pagination or Media Count : 144
Abstract : The results of a few rudimentary nuclear-war-damage-assessment calculations are presented as part of an investigation of the size and composition of nuclear forces that would be required for the 'assured destruction' of the entire population of the United States. The latter result would be a reduced version of the simplistic view of the consequences of an exchange of nuclear explosions between the Soviet Union and the United States in which the total destruction of mankind is anticipated. The calculational results indicate that the total megatonnage required for a given level of population coverage by a given minimum overpressure would be much less if (many) low yield weapons were used instead of (few) high yield weapons. The calculational results also show that, if the population were sheltered in concrete buildings with a protection factor of 130 or more, the extent or coverage of the lethal radiological hazard from surface burst 100-KT weapons would be reduced to the assured lethal coverage of air burst 100-KT weapons. A direct connection exists between the civil defense capability to provide the necessary fallout protection and the capability of the US arsenal to provide deterrence since both are apparently related to the size of the nuclear force that the Soviet Union may deploy over a period of time. This conclusion must be true as long as the nation's political leaders, newsmen, scientists, and even military leaders discuss the consequences of nuclear war in terms of the destruction of mankind. Rejection of this illusion is necessary before questions of societal recovery from a nuclear war can be given proper consideration. (Author)
Descriptors : *NUCLEAR EXPLOSION DAMAGE, STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, POPULATION, DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, CIVIL DEFENSE, FALLOUT, BLAST, NUCLEAR WEAPONS, COSTS.
Subject Categories : Nuclear Warfare
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE