Accession Number : AD0713017

Title :   FIRE LABORATORY TESTS. PHASE I.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : IIT RESEARCH INST CHICAGO ILL

Personal Author(s) : Waterman,Thomas E.

Report Date : SEP 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 44

Abstract : The program reported herein has the objective of providing a versatile, reuseable fire test facility for evaluating the flow of heat and fire gases into unsealed basement shelters. Included in the first year of effort were the construction and general instrumentation of the facility as well as the conduct of an initial program of tests. By providing a full-scale structure having many of the controlled features of laboratory experimentation, the facility is adaptable to systematic study of various parameters, as well as for spot checking results of theoretical or small-scale laboratory studies. Limited results to date indicate that debris fires contained within the structural interior do not tend to direct toxic gases toward nearground vent locations. However, the heating caused by the debris fire of a lightly partitioned residential occupancy added a heat load through 12 in. of concrete to the basement shelter equal to that produced by the occupants. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*FALLOUT SHELTERS, *FIRE SAFETY), (*TEST FACILITIES, CONSTRUCTION), CIVIL DEFENSE, PANELS, REINFORCED CONCRETE, CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS, GASES, HEAT, TEMPERATURE SENSITIVE ELEMENTS, VENTS, TEST METHODS

Subject Categories : Safety Engineering
      Structural Engineering and Building Technology
      Civil Defense

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE