Accession Number : AD0713195

Title :   SAND WAVES AND TIDAL CHANNELS IN THE ENTRANCE TO CHESAPEAKE BAY.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : OLD DOMINION UNIV NORFOLK VA INST OF OCEANOGRAPHY

Personal Author(s) : Ludwick,John C.

Report Date : 15 SEP 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 96

Abstract : Sand waves 5-12 feet in height and 200-1200 feet in length occur in water 25-50 feet deep in the sand bank and tidal channel area of the entrance to Chesapeake Bay. Most waves are asymmetrical in transverse profile, some facing with ebb currents, others facing with flood currents, depending which is dominant at a given place. Steep slopes on the various waves range from 4 to 31 degrees and average 12 degrees. The sand waves occur in association with tidal channels and especially on the flanks of shoals that form channel boundaries. Migration of sand waves, judged from their facing direction, is a bed sediment transport mechanism by which sand is moved up onto shoals. Many large shoals of the area occur between ebb-dominated and flood-dominated channels. This implies the existence of net circulation loops of water and sediment in cells located over shoals. The action of such cells is to trap sediment. Other ebb-flood shear zones may mark sites of future shoaling in the entrance. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*ESTUARIES, SAND), (*TIDES, CHESAPEAKE BAY), SEDIMENTATION, FLOODS, OCEAN WAVES, FLUID FLOW, INTERACTIONS, HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEYING, BATHYTHERMOGRAPH DATA

Subject Categories : Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
      Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE