Accession Number : AD0714629

Title :   The Chemical Reactivity of Molecules Containing Non-Bonded Electron Pairs on Adjacent Atoms.

Descriptive Note : Final technical rept. 1 Sep 69-30 Jun 70,

Corporate Author : BROWN UNIV PROVIDENCE R I DEPT OF CHEMISTRY

Personal Author(s) : Edwards,John O.

Report Date : 31 OCT 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 30

Abstract : Discussed is research in five areas - (1) adducts of hydroperoxides and carbonyl compounds, (2) reactions of cyclic alpha nucleophiles, (3) oxidation of metal complexes by disubstituted inorganic peroxides, (4) oxidation of ethers and solvents by peroxodisulfate, and (5) aqueous chemistry of hydroxylamine. Particularly noteworthy were the large differences observed in oxidation rates of various complexes of osmium (II) and iron (II) by peroxodisulfate ion as opposed to peroxodiphosphate. The generality of this phenomenon had not been previously established. Because of the isoelectronic structure of the two peroxides, the difference observed in kinetic behavior was most significant. Explanation was offered in terms of the detailed mechanism of the two reactions. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*HYDROPEROXIDES, CHEMICAL REACTIONS), (*KETONES, CHEMICAL REACTIONS), (*COMPLEX COMPOUNDS, *OXIDATION), (*NITROGEN HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS, CHEMICAL REACTIONS), ACETONES, HYDROGEN PEROXIDE, REACTION KINETICS, NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE, IRON COMPOUNDS

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Organic Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE