Accession Number : AD0714646

Title :   Physical Characteristics of the Snow Cover Fort Greely, Alaska, 1966-67.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER N H

Personal Author(s) : Bilello,Michael A. ; Bates,Roy E. ; Riley,James

Report Date : SEP 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 38

Abstract : Observations were made at 19 sites in and around the Fort Greely Military Reservation in Alaska during the winter of 1966-67 to obtain data on the depth and physical properties of the snow cover. Snowfall in 1966-67 totaled 245 cm, which was more than 2-1/2 times the seasonal normal. Maximum snow depths of 80 to 100 cm were observed in a major portion of the reservation. Measurements at nine sites showed that the snow density at Fort Greely was generally light; e.g., the average density in the forest did not exceed 0.24 g/cu cm. However, exceptions such as at Jarvis Creek, where the density averaged 0.33 g/cu cm, could be expected. On the average, less snow falls at Fort Greely than at other interior Alaskan locations; but the average density of the snow cover at all interior Alaska sites is quite light. Relationships between snow-cover properties and climate were tested using data collected at Fort Greely. The results substantiated the relationships between (1) snow hardness and snow density measurements and (2) average snow densities with average windspeed and air temperatures. Snow temperature measurements at Fort Greely showed that the snow in the forest was colder than at exposed sites, primarily because the average air temperature within the forest canopy was lower than that in the open area. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*SNOW, PHYSICAL PROPERTIES), (*ALASKA, TRAFFICABILITY), HARDNESS, DENSITY, ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE, PASSENGER VEHICLES, TRACKED VEHICLES, EROSION, WIND, EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY), MILITARY FACILITIES, ARMY OPERATIONS

Subject Categories : Snow, Ice and Permafrost

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE