Accession Number : AD0715186

Title :   Investigation on Correlations Between Fractionation Effects and Particle Size Distributions in Fission Product Samples,

Corporate Author : DEUTSCHE FORSCHUNGS- UND VERSUCHSANSTALT FUER LUFT- UND RAUMFAHRT E V WESSLING (WEST GERMANY)

Personal Author(s) : Peters,Wolfgang ; Paffrath,Dieter

Report Date : 13 FEB 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 9

Abstract : After the third Chinese nuclear bomb test, radioactive aerosol was collected on fiber filters from the atmosphere at different altitudes. By comparing the measured negative beta-decay curves with the theoretical negative beta-decay curves the fractionation factor of the fresh fission products and the activity of 237U in the samples were determined. Furthermore, the samples were autoradiographed and the spot-size distribution and background blackening of the autoradiographs were measured. By evaluating the particle sizes (particle activities) from spot sizes and by comparing the results of negative -beta-decay curve analysis and of the autoradiographs it is shown that there is a relation between fractionation degree and particle-size distribution; nuclides originating from volatile precursors are enriched in small particles, and nuclides from refractory precursors are enriched in large particles. Uranium 237 is also enriched in small particles and fractionates like nuclides descending from volatile precursors. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS, FALLOUT), (*FISSION PRODUCTS, SAMPLING), URANIUM, CORRELATION TECHNIQUES, INTEGRALS, RADIATION HAZARDS, BETA DECAY, CHINA, WEST GERMANY

Subject Categories : Radioactiv, Radioactive Wastes & Fission Prod

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE