Accession Number : AD0717689

Title :   Semantic Interpretation of Deep Structure for Natural-Language Computer Input.

Descriptive Note : Special repts.,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE CAMBRIDGE RESEARCH LABS L G HANSCOM FIELD MASS

Personal Author(s) : Murphy,Sara Regina

Report Date : 22 JUL 1960

Pagination or Media Count : 62

Abstract : The theory of transformational grammars represents the linguists' most elaborate attempt to date to formalize the syntactic structure of English. The result of analyzing a sentence according to a transformational grammar is a so-called 'deep structure,' which expresses various information about the constituent portions of the sentence in a treelike form. In view of the relatively high state of development of the transformational theory, it is natural to use it as the basis for the 'front end' of an English-understanding program. The system discussed in the report provides a general method of interpretation of transformationally parsed sentences for use in question-answering. It is based on a general scheme for using the information contained in the deep structures to interrogate a data base. The primary effort is aimed at handling a wide variety of complex syntactic structures, with particular concern for the problem of embedded structures. The system provides a general facility for handling syntactic sturctures, to which a user can add routines corresponding to the specific nouns, verbs, and adjectives he wants to use. The present implementation includes a vocabulary suitable for dealing with sets; the noun, verb, and adjective routines for this area of discourse constitute about 10% of the entire program. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*TRANSFORMATIONAL GRAMMARS, SEMANTICS), (*MAN MACHINE SYSTEMS, COMPUTERS), SYNTAX, ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Subject Categories : Linguistics
      Computer Hardware

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE