Accession Number : AD0719483

Title :   The Role of Fungi in Other Branches of the National Economy (Rol Gribov v Drugikh Otraslyakh Narodnogo Khozyaistva),

Corporate Author : ARMY FOREIGN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CENTER CHARLOTTESVILLE VA

Personal Author(s) : Khokhryakov,M. K.

Report Date : 16 OCT 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 10

Abstract : The two-part report discusses the use of various forms of fungus in commercial industries in the USSR, and the great extent of damage done every year by fungi. One of the most important uses of fungus is in the production of organic acids, specifically citric acid. Citric acid, which is used in medicine, the textile industry, confection production and in the manufacture of ink, is now produced in the Soviet Union by means of the fungus Aspergillus niger. Fungus is also used for softening hides in the tanning industry, and the manufacturing of paper. However, fungus has many destructive effects as well. Many mold fungi appear in cotton bolls still in the field, during the vegetation process, at which time they cause various types of rot in the boll proper, and in the cotton contained therein. Mold fungi which degrade cotton fiber and hemp stems are the cause of occupational diseases in workers in factories which perform initial processing of cotton raw materials and hemp and in spinning--weaving mills where yarn and cloth are made from moldy materials. Fungi are also the cause of extensive wood rot on trees in parks and forests. Finally, fungi damage houses, lumber stacks, and paper. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*FUNGI, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION), (*CITRIC ACID, FUNGI), (*MOLDS(ORGANISMS), PLANTS(BOTANY)), MEDICINE, TEXTILE INDUSTRY, PAPER, FOOD, AGRICULTURE, DAMAGE, WOOD, BUILDINGS

Subject Categories : Agronomy, Horticulture and Aquiculture
      Biology
      Mfg & Industrial Eng & Control of Product Sys

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE