Accession Number : AD0720320

Title :   The Hydrodynamics of Roller Pumps and Their Implication to Hemolysis.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE FLUID MECHANICS LAB

Personal Author(s) : Jaffrin,Michel Y. ; Meginniss,James R.

Report Date : FEB 1971

Pagination or Media Count : 37

Abstract : The peristaltic flow inside the tube of a roller pump is investigated with the assumptions that the fluid is Newtonian and that viscous forces dominate inertia. The output of the pump and the pressure and shear stress distributions are given in closed form as a function of the occlusion setting, the pressure head, the roller and tube diameters and the speed of rotation. It is found that conventional roller pumps with circular rollers generate very high stresses concentrated around the point of minimum radial gap in the tube. These shear stresses are equal or larger than the critical threshold for initiation of hemolysis reported in the literature. The analysis predicts that these concentrated high shear stresses are greatly reduced, to values much below the critical level, if the compression mechanism maintains a gap of uniform thickness over a finite length. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*MECHANICAL ORGANS, *HYDRODYNAMICS), (*HEART, MECHANICAL ORGANS), (*HEMOLYSIS, MECHANICAL ORGANS), BLOOD CIRCULATION, PUMPS, PERISTALSIS, SHEAR STRESSES

Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Medical Facilities, Equipment and Supplies
      Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE