Accession Number : AD0722173

Title :   Der Einpendelverkehr von Turku (Commute Traffic in Turku, Finland),

Corporate Author : TURKU UNIV (FINLAND) INSTITUTUM GEOGRAPHICUM

Personal Author(s) : Saviranta,Jaakko

Report Date : 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 144

Abstract : The paper deals with commuter traffic into Turku, the provincial capital of south-west Finland. The research material has been collected in two ways, from income tax returns and from census returns. This information has been complemented by means of interviews. The number of people commuting into Turku is approximately 10,000 and they form about 15% of the total working population of the town. The areas in which they live follow a comparatively regular pattern stretching in practice for about 40 km in all directions from the centre of the town. The investigation has shown that, with the aid of a population census made only once every ten years and of material collected from annual tax returns, a consistent picture of the size and nature of commuter traffic can be obtained. In the investigation the effects exerted by operational units of different sizes on the results were compared. Changes in the size of areas influence the parameters of the gravity model. It is therefore possible to compare the calculated parameters of commuter groups only when the calculations have been made using data collected from the same area matrix. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*URBAN PLANNING, *FINLAND), (*TRANSPORTATION, URBAN PLANNING), (*TRAFFIC, STATISTICAL ANALYSIS), URBAN AREAS, RURAL AREAS, POPULATION, EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION, INDUSTRIES, MATHEMATICAL MODELS

Subject Categories : Surface Transportation and Equipment

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE