Accession Number : AD0723565

Title :   Attitudes of Different Groups Toward Work, Aims, Goals, and Activities.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept. 1961-1971,

Corporate Author : PRINCETON UNIV N J DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Gulliksen,Harold ; Gulliksen,Dorothy P.

Report Date : APR 1971

Pagination or Media Count : 224

Abstract : An investigation of work, aims, goals and activities using eight questionnaires demonstrated the usefulness of three questionnaire types: complete paired comparisons, multiple rank order, and successive intervals with twelve categories of choice. There were 3500 subjects from ten groups including students, military groups, lumbermen, manufacturing workers, and supervisors. Scale values were obtained, and analysis of variance on votes for items or on category choices. Factor analysis of covariances and varimax rotation with means added proved to be a valuable technique for showing the structure of group attitudes. Results: consistency of response was indicated by relatively few total circular triads (TCTs) over p = .025. Females showed significantly fewer TCTs than males at the F(.95) level. Positive rewards in work were: creativity, self direction, change and variety, learning and advancement, recognition, pay and security. The quality of personal and family life took precedence over an interesting job. Other interests outside of work were still lower in scale values. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), *JOB ANALYSIS), EMPLOYMENT, QUESTIONNAIRES, FACTOR ANALYSIS, ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE, CULTURE

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE