
Accession Number : AD0725037
Title : Outline of a Theory of Powerful Selection of Distribution Functions.
Descriptive Note : Summary rept. 1 Feb 6928 Feb 71,
Corporate Author : WEIBULL (WALODDI) LAUSANNE (SWITZERLAND)
Personal Author(s) : Weibull,Waloddi
Report Date : MAR 1971
Pagination or Media Count : 42
Abstract : The conventional method of analyzing a given set of test data consists in assuming a distribution function and estimating its parameters. The only way of deciding whether the function is acceptable or not and which of two assumed functions is the better one is by means of a test of goodnessoffit. For small and moderate sample sizes this test makes a very unreliable basis for a decision, and the confidence that can be put in the choice is practically unknown. In order to eliminate these deficiencies a new method, called the method of powerful selection, is proposed. By use of a test statistic, called the selector, it is possible, without preceding parameter estimations, to state the acceptability of a function on the basis of a preassigned levelofsignificance and the decision power, that is, the chance of making a true decision between two functions. The tools of this method are presented and their applications illustrated by numerical analyses of some fatiguetest series. It will not too seldom occur that none of several assumed functions will be accepted. In this situation the selectors can be used for diagnosing the rejected functions with regard to causes such as outlying observations, composed populations, and contaminated data. (Author)
Descriptors : (*STATISTICAL DATA, CURVE FITTING), (*DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS, MATHEMATICAL PREDICTION), STATISTICAL DISTRIBUTIONS, STATISTICAL TESTS, MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS, DECISION THEORY, EXPERIMENTAL DATA, FATIGUE(MECHANICS), SAMPLING, SWITZERLAND
Subject Categories : Statistics and Probability
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE