
Accession Number : AD0727026
Title : Deformation of a Homogeneous Earth Model by Finite Dislocations,
Corporate Author : WEIZMANN INST OF SCIENCE REHOVOTH (ISRAEL) DEPT OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS
Personal Author(s) : BenMenahem,Ari ; Singh,Sarva Jit ; Solomon,Faiza
Report Date : 1969
Pagination or Media Count : 94
Abstract : The deformation of a homogeneous, nongravitating, elastic sphere induced by a finite displacement dislocation placed inside the sphere is obtained in the form of rapidly converging series for arbitrary value of the Poisson ratio. Surface displacements, tilts, strains, and stresses are computed for strikeslip and dipslip source models with various vertical extents. The numerical results are mapped on an epicentral tangential plane. Assuming a strikeslip fault of length 600 km extending from the free surface to a depth of 100 km and with a dislocation of 20 m it is estimated that this would yield a strain of the order of 10 to the minus 9th power at an equatorial station with respect to the source. The corresponding estimate for a dipslip source is 10 to the minus 11th power. However, for deeper sources the difference in the estimated values of the strains decreases. Thus the seismic events such as the Alaska earthquake of March 28, 1964, should produce strains large enough to be detected by modern extensometers and tiltmeters in the far field. (Author)
Descriptors : (*EARTHQUAKES, MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS), MATHEMATICAL MODELS, DEFORMATION, STRAIN(MECHANICS), FAULTS(GEOLOGY), EPICENTERS, ISRAEL
Subject Categories : Seismology
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE