
Accession Number : AD0728033
Title : An Investigation of the Dipole Antenna Over Stationary and TimeVarying Irregular Surfaces.
Descriptive Note : Research rept.,
Corporate Author : NAVAL UNDERWATER SYSTEMS CENTER NEWPORT R I
Personal Author(s) : Fessenden,Dennis E.
Report Date : 10 JUN 1971
Pagination or Media Count : 124
Abstract : Investigations of electromagnetic scattering from rough surfaces have been oriented toward radar surveillance or remote sensing applications. An important problem that has been relatively unexplored is that of a dipole antenna close to and illuminating an ocean surface with spherical waves, for example, communication antennas on submarines or surface ships. The work is concerned primarily with the fluctuations in the far electric field intensity caused by reinforcement and cancellation of the direct wave by the wave reflected from a timevarying surface. The analysis starts with the simplest possible model of a timevarying surface. A vertical electric dipole is situated above a flat ground that varies sinusoidally about a fixed reference plane. Other simple models are considered, one of which shows that depolarization is introduced. The most sophisticated model of the ocean surface that is considered is one for a moving sinusoidal surface. Certain situations arise so that the sinusoidal model is a good approximation of an actual ocean surface. For the sinusoidal ocean surface model, the amplitude of the sine curve is small compared with a freespace wavelength; therefore, a Fourier integralperturbation series approach can be used to solve the boundary value problem. (Author)
Descriptors : (*DIPOLE ANTENNAS, RADIO FIELDS), SCATTERING, SURFACE ROUGHNESS, RADIO WAVES, RADIO TRANSMISSION
Subject Categories : Electrical and Electronic Equipment
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE