Accession Number : AD0736182

Title :   Biological Deterioration of Woods in Tropical Environments. Part 3. Chemical Wood Treatments for Long-Term Marine-Borer Protection.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON D C

Personal Author(s) : Southwell,C. R. ; Bultman,J. D.

Report Date : 09 DEC 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 32

Abstract : Six chemical wood preservatives were selected for evaluation over long periods of exposure in extremely borer-active marine environments. Southern Yellow Pine and Douglas Fir were full-cell pressure-treated with these chemicals and exposed in tropical seas and tropical brackish water for periods up to 90 months. Subsequently, 16 of the natural tropical woods considered best for use with pressure preservatives were combined with whole creosote and exposed in the most borer active of the seawater sites for periods exceeding 4 years. All samples have been removed, sectioned, and rated separately for the three major groups of marine borers: teredo, pholad, and limnoria. The long-term results show that heavy treatments of whole creosote and chromated copper arsenate (CCA, type A) are very effective preservatives for Southern Pine exposed in seawater, while the CCA was the singularly most effective treatment against the brackish-water Psiloteredo. Some of the most promising results were obtained with combinations of a few relatively limnoria-resistant tropical woods with a teredo-effective creosote pressure treatment. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*WOOD, *MARINE BORERS), ENVIRONMENTAL TESTS, OCEANS, TROPICAL REGIONS, CRUSTACEA, MOLLUSCACIDES, CREOSOTE, ARSENIC COMPOUNDS, COPPER COMPOUNDS

Subject Categories : Wood, Paper and Related Forestry Products

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE