Accession Number : AD0738013

Title :   Psychiatric Problems in Polar Environments,

Corporate Author : NAVY MEDICAL NEUROPSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH UNIT SAN DIEGO CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Gunderson,E. K. Eric

Report Date : 1968

Pagination or Media Count : 14

Abstract : The combined effects of physical and social isolation, confinement, monotony, interpersonal differences, and reduced work, recreational and social activity, particularly during the winter months probably account in large degree for the frequent mild to moderate psychological disturbances which typically manifest themselves in irritability, depression, insomnia, or withdrawal. As emphasized by Lantis, the physical environment is not so important for its direct effects upon behavior as for its indirect effects. Prediction of psychological adaptation in isolated groups has been only modestly successful; prediction must take into account environmental and occupational differences as well as personal background and personality differences. Systematic studies of the incidences and prevalences of mental disorders in polar regions and their environmental and social correlates have only begun. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*PSYCHIATRY, *POLAR REGIONS), CONFINEMENT(PSYCHOLOGY), GROUP DYNAMICS, JOB ANALYSIS, ADJUSTMENT(PSYCHOLOGY)

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE