Accession Number : AD0738073

Title :   The Soviet Darms,

Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Olenicoff,Serge M.

Report Date : JUL 1971

Pagination or Media Count : 20

Abstract : The Soviets have for many years been channeling substantial amounts of effort and resources into their Arctic research program. An extensive network of weather stations operate year-round along the entire arctic coastline of the Soviet Union, and seasonal observations of ice conditions are performed by a large fleet of ice-reconnaissance aircraft, by icebreakers, by ship-based helicopters, and by satellites. In addition, since 1954, the Soviets have had at least two manned drifting stations simultaneously operating in the Arctic Basin at all times. A considerable amount of data has also been gathered by the annual High Latitude Air Expeditions that have enabled Soviet scientists to make observation-oriented landings all over the Arctic Basin, especially in the otherwise inaccessible central regions. Finally, Soviet scientists have developed and deployed Drifting Automatic Radio-Meteorological Stations (DARMS) specially designed to operate and gather data in the pack-ice environment of the Arctic Basin. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*WEATHER STATIONS, *ARCTIC REGIONS), RADIO BEACONS, WEATHER FORECASTING, METEOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS, METEOROLOGICAL PHENOMENA, WEATHER COMMUNICATIONS, OCEAN CURRENTS, USSR

Subject Categories : Meteorology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE