Accession Number : AD0739895

Title :   Differential Effects on Democratic and Authoritarian Leadership Styles on Group Problem Solving Processes.

Descriptive Note : Research rept.,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE ACADEMY COLO

Personal Author(s) : Cammalleri,Joseph A. ; Hendrick,Hal W. ; Pittman,Wayne C. , Jr. ; Blout,Harry D. ; Prather,Dirk C.

Report Date : FEB 1972

Pagination or Media Count : 24

Abstract : Experiments measured group goal accomplishments under four different types of leadership: Style I (Authoritarian with high solution accuracy), Style II (Democratic with high solution accuracy), Style III (Authoritarian with an inaccurate solution), and Style IV (Democratic with an inaccurate solution). Groups with Style I leaders produced the most accurate estimates; Styles II and IV had intermediate and comparable accuracy; and Style III produced the lowest accuracy. These findings infer that authoritarian leadership is most effective under conditions of limited time, a structured task, good leader-member relations, and strong leader position power when the leader possesses high solution accuracy. Given the same condition, however, if the leader does not possess (or is unsure of) an accurate solution, then the democratic leadership style is more effective because it more efficiently uses all of the group's resources. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*LEADERSHIP, *PROBLEM SOLVING), (*GROUP DYNAMICS, LEADERSHIP), PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), ACCURACY

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE