Accession Number : AD0743662

Title :   The Absorption Effect of the US Nuclear Test of 9 July 62 on the HF Line Norddeich-Neustrelitz,

Corporate Author : FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s) : Nitzsche, P.

Report Date : 28 APR 1972

Pagination or Media Count : 15

Abstract : The article discusses the absorption phenomena related to the US high-altitude nuclear detonation carried out over the Johnston Islands in the Pacific on 7 July 1962 (Operation 'Starfish'). The absorption effects analyzed in the paper were recorded and measured on a 2614-MHz transmission line running from Norddeich to Neustrelitz in North Germany. The 'Starfish' detonation, in the 1/4 megation range, occurred at an altitude of 400 km, giving rise to very severe absorption effect anomalies. The author considers such aspects of the problem as VLF phase disturbances, the role of X-ray and gamma radiation as a cause of ionization, eastward drift speed of trapped beta-particles, flare phenomenon, SEA and SID effect, decibel attenuation data. An effort is made toward a physical interpretation of the data base obtained with the movement of the HF particles in the geomagnetic dipole field considered in the first approximation. (Author)

Descriptors :   *NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS, RADIOFREQUENCY INTERFERENCE, IONOSPHERIC DISTURBANCES, IONIZATION, X RAYS, GAMMA RAYS, VAN ALLEN RADIATION BELT, EAST GERMANY.

Subject Categories : Target Direction, Range and Position Finding

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE