Accession Number : AD0744649

Title :   Ingredients for a Theory of Instruction.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : STANFORD UNIV CALIF INST FOR MATHEMATICAL STUDIES IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES

Personal Author(s) : Atkinson,Richard C.

Report Date : 26 JUN 1972

Pagination or Media Count : 37

Abstract : The requirements for a theory of instruction are discussed and summarized in the following list of criteria: a model of the learning process; specification of admissible instructional actions; specification of instructional objectives; a measurement scale that permits costs to be assigned to each of the instructional actions and payoffs to the achievement of instructional objectives. If these four elements can be given a precise interpretation, then in general it is possible to derive optimal instructional strategies. Two examples involving the derivation of optimal strategies are considered. One deals with the development of a computer-assisted instruction program for teaching initial reading in the early grades; the second example deals with learning a foreign-language vocabulary. In both cases, analyses based on control theoretic principles proved to be highly advantageous. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*TEACHING METHODS, THEORY), (*LEARNING, OPTIMIZATION), READING, LANGUAGE

Subject Categories : Humanities and History

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE