Accession Number : AD0749953

Title :   Studies of Infectious Diseases at NAMRU-2 in Taiwan.

Descriptive Note : Final technical rept. 1 Oct 68-31 Aug 72,

Corporate Author : WASHINGTON UNIV SEATTLE DEPT OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INTERNATIONAL HEALTH

Personal Author(s) : Alexander,E. Russell

Report Date : 19 SEP 1972

Pagination or Media Count : 5

Abstract : In a 3 month prospective study of Chinese army recruits (9 companies) a large epidemic of influenza (both A and B) was the overwhelming cause of respiratory morbidity. Unlike U.S. experience, adenovirus, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and rhinovirus were not associated with significant morbidity. Meningococcal prevalence increased during training (20-40%) with no significant disease. Thirty-six percent of 59 hospitalized children with hepatitis were associated with Hepatitis B antigen (HBag). Nine percent of 249 children without hepatitis were HBag positive. Family members of positive cases had a high prevalence of antigen. History of parenteral infections or blood transfusion were uncommon suggesting significant non-parenteral spread. The first epidemic of scrub typhus on Taiwan since World War II occurred in Chinese soldiers on the east coast of the island, and was thoroughly described. In the US airforce personnel on Taiwan 51% of men with urethritis had gonorrhea. Nineteen percent of cases of non gonococcal urethritis were positive for chlamydia (contrasted with 3% of controls). T-strain or large colony mycoplasma did not differ between urethritis cases and controls (with or without GC). (Author)

Descriptors :   (*INFECTIOUS DISEASES, *TAIWAN), EPIDEMIOLOGY, RESPIRATORY DISEASES, VIRUS DISEASES, INFLUENZA VIRUS, NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS, HEPATITIS VIRUSES, NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE, RICKETTSIA TSUTSUGAMUSHI, VENEREAL DISEASES, MILITARY PERSONNEL, UNITED STATES

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Microbiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE