Accession Number : AD0758730
Title : Piezo- and Pyroelectricity in Polymer Electrets.
Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,
Corporate Author : NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS WASHINGTON D C INST FOR MATERIALS RESEARCH
Personal Author(s) : Broadhurst,M. G. ; Malmberg,C. G. ; Mopsik,F. I. ; Harris,W. P.
Report Date : 01 MAR 1973
Pagination or Media Count : 16
Abstract : A model for a polymer electret, based on an elastically isotropic solid with orientationally frozen molecular dipoles, was developed and tested experimentally. This electret is shown to be both piezoelectric and pyroelectric. The polarization is shown to change with mechanically and thermally induced strains in the polarization direction. The currents generated by the electret will be proportional to the strain rate and, for thin contact electrodes and uniform strains, unaffected by the presence of real charges. Poly(vinyl chloride) films were poled at 80C, just above their glass transition temperature. The pressure- and temperature-induced short-circuit currents in the polarization direction equalled 0.15(pA/sq cm)/(bar/min) and 2.2(pA/sq cm)/(K/min) respectively for a specimen poled at 320 kV/cm. These currents were reversible and proportional to the rate of temperature or pressure change, proportional to poling voltage up to 320 kV/cm, in the direction corresponding to increasing polarization with increasing pressure and decreasing temperature, about 1.6 times as great for temperature induced strains as for equivalent pressure induced strains, and about 2-4 times as great in magnitude as expected from dielectric constant measurements. (Author Modified Abstract)
Descriptors : (*ELECTRETS, *POLYMERS), MATHEMATICAL MODELS, DIPOLE MOMENTS, PIEZOELECTRIC EFFECT, POLYVINYL CHLORIDE, FILMS, DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
Subject Categories : Plastics
Electricity and Magnetism
Solid State Physics
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE