Accession Number : AD0761596

Title :   Economy of Force: A Major Component of a Strategic Masterpiece.

Descriptive Note : Individual research rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA

Personal Author(s) : Westervelt,John R.

Report Date : 16 APR 1973

Pagination or Media Count : 76

Abstract : The strategy of General MacArthur was investigated as it pertained to the New Guinea Campaign. Specific emphasis was placed on three critical battles: Milne Bay, Lae/Nadzab, and Hollandia. The principles of war employed so successfully by General MacArthur (Economy of Force, Mass, Surprise and the Objective) were analyzed in depth. A detailed discussion of the environment that existed during the campaign was felt necessary as it had a great effect on both MacArthur's actions and those of the Japanese. Some criticisms of General MacArthur were also evaluated, but in large part they were directed against MacArthur's personality, and not his strategy. It was concluded that the strategy of the Southwest Pacific Area, and more specifically the new Guinea Campaign was brilliant. General MacArthur overcame almost insurmountable obstacles of enemy, terrain, lines of communications, and Allied priorities to consistently defeat the enemy in engagement after engagement with minimum losses being sustained by the Allies. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*LEADERSHIP, *OFFICER PERSONNEL), (*WARFARE, NEW GUINEA), MILITARY STRATEGY, SOUTHEAST ASIA, JAPAN, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, AUSTRALIA

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE