Accession Number : AD0763457

Title :   A Multichannel Ultrasonic Marine Biotelemetry System for Monitoring Marine Animal Behavior at Sea.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA STATE UNIV LONG BEACH DEPT OF BIOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Ferrel,Donald W. ; Nelson,Donald R. ; Sciarrotta,Terry C. ; Standora,Edward A. ; Carter,Howard C.

Report Date : 21 MAY 1973

Pagination or Media Count : 22

Abstract : Up to eight multiplexed channels of shark behavioral data at sea are obtained with a 40-kHz acoustic transmitter with a range exceeding 5 km and a life of up to 1 week. Conservation of battery power is achieved with complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (C/MOS) integrated circuits (IC's) and a pulse-interval data format of 10-ms pulses at intervals between 200 ms and 2 sec. A multivibrator oscillator is used to control the operating frequency, which is essentially independent of temperature and pressure and decreases slightly with battery voltage (<800 Hz/2-volt drop). An optional crystal oscillator maintains constant frequency. The pulse repetition rate is not significantly affected by voltage, pressure, and temperature. Fail-safe devices ensure operation in the event of sensor or multiplexer failure. Sensors are described for measuring depth, swimming speed, compass heading, ambient light, and temperature. Data are primarily reduced in the laboratory from field recordings; computer reduction is under development. The transmitter is adaptable to other hydrospace or aerospace uses with acoustic, electromagnetic, or hard-wire media. (Modified author abstract)

Descriptors :   (*TELEMETER SYSTEMS, *MARINE BIOLOGY), (*AQUATIC ANIMALS, TELEMETER SYSTEMS), (*SHARKS, TELEMETER SYSTEMS), MONITORS, BEHAVIOR, INSTRUMENTATION, ULTRASONIC RADIATION, TRANSMITTER RECEIVERS

Subject Categories : Biological Oceanography
      Biomedical Instrumentation and Bioengineering

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE