Accession Number : AD0764231

Title :   Thermal and Reactor Analysis of Nuclear Rocket Transients.

Descriptive Note : Miscellaneous paper,

Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION LIVERMORE CALIF EXPLOSIVE EXCAVATION RESEARCH LAB

Personal Author(s) : Mills,Robert R. , Jr

Report Date : MAR 1973

Pagination or Media Count : 215

Abstract : The thermal and nucleonic behavior of a nuclear rocket during the startup transient was investigated. The fluid flow and heat transfer of the hydrogen coolant was thoroughly analyzed. It was found that the ideal gas law produced reasonably accurate results over the range of temperatures and pressures used in this study. A one-dimensional time-independent form of the three-dimensional time-dependent fluid flow equations was developed and shown to be suitable for calculations over a very wide range of fluid temperature and pressure. An expression for heat transfer in the fuel-moderator was derived which simplified time-dependent calculations of average fuel temperature distributions and wall temperature distributions. A three-group model of the reactor physics provided a good understanding of the neutronics of a NERVA reactor. (Modified author abstract)

Descriptors :   (*NUCLEAR REACTORS, THERMAL ANALYSIS), (*SPACECRAFT NUCLEAR PROPULSION, *ROCKET ENGINES), FLUID FLOW, HEAT TRANSFER, REACTOR OPERATION, HYDROGEN, PERTURBATION THEORY, THESES, COMPUTER PROGRAMS

Subject Categories : Nuclear Power Plants and Fission Reactor Eng
      Nuclear Propulsion
      Rocket Engines

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE