Accession Number : AD0765926

Title :   The Spreading and Transport of Oil Slicks on the Open Ocean in the Presence of Wind, Waves, and Currents.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. for fiscal year 1973,

Corporate Author : AVCO SYSTEMS DIV WILMINGTON MASS

Personal Author(s) : Waldman,George A. ; Johnson,Ronald A. ; Smith,Porter L.

Report Date : JUL 1973

Pagination or Media Count : 77

Abstract : Calculations have been made of the spreading and transport of oil slicks on the open ocean. New and available results have been used for the spreading of oil on calm waters, and Okubo's correlation of dye-release experimental data has been invoked for the spreading caused by water turbulence. The relevant literature has been reviewed for results on transport caused by winds, waves, and currents. In the presence of combined effects of spreading and transport by various environmental influences, a simple superposition model has been employed. Limited comparisons of the results of these calculations have been made with data from the San Clemente and Arrow spills, and the Chevron and Santa Barbara leaks. Conclusions regarding the applicability of the various analytical models and recommendations for future investigation have been presented. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*WATER POLLUTION, OILS), OCEAN WAVES, OCEAN CURRENTS, WIND, SHEAR STRESSES, MASS TRANSFER

Subject Categories : Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
      Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE