Accession Number : AD0770496

Title :   Evolution and General Process Theories of Habituation.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB FORT KNOX KY

Personal Author(s) : Askew,Henry R. ; Leibrecht,Bruce C.

Report Date : 25 JUN 1973

Pagination or Media Count : 38

Abstract : Twenty-nine existing theories of habituation were reviewed briefly and classified under one of three general categories: general-conceptual, brain structures/neural systems, or synaptic modifications. Most of these theories were characterized as general process in nature, and their major underlying assumptions were found to be faulty in certain fundamental respects. An alternative theoretical framework was proposed, in which habituation and its associated underlying mechanisms are viewed as specific evolutionary elaborations resulting from specific selection pressures acting upon the physiological system(s) underlying a given response. Finally, the conceptual and methodological implications of the evolutionary approach, and its advantages, were discussed. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Habituation learning, Performance(Human), Psychophysiology, Learning, Physiology, Psychology, Neurology, Behavior, Theory

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE