Accession Number : AD0773345

Title :   Design of a Combination Bubbler-Guidance System to Be Installed in Whitefish Bay, Michigan.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 13 Nov 72-15 Jan 73,

Corporate Author : BATTELLE COLUMBUS DIV OH

Personal Author(s) : Hackman, D. J. ; Brunel, R. L.

Report Date : 05 MAR 1973

Pagination or Media Count : 116

Abstract : The U. S. Coast Guard and U. S. Army Corps of Engineers selected the navigation channel at the Whitefish Bay end of the St. Marys River for the installation of a combined bubbler-wire guidance system. This system is to extend the navigation season on the Great Lakes by retarding the formation of ice and by providing a navigation aid. Support equipment will be installed on Point Iroquois, Michigan. Laboratory tests and engineering analysis showed that the bubbler line should be 3 miles long and composed of PVC pipe with 1/32-inch orifices every 15 feet. The wire-guidance system will be 7 miles long and use NO. 4 AWG insulated cable with a 1-kw, 400-hertz signal generator. The report contains engineering descriptions, design details, and cost estimates necessary for installing the bubbler-wire guidance system. (Author)

Descriptors :   *CARGO SHIPS, *DEICING SYSTEMS, *NAVIGATIONAL AIDS, GREAT LAKES, ICE FORMATION, COMPRESSED AIR, WIRE GUIDANCE, INSTALLATION, COAST GUARD RESEARCH, MICHIGAN.

Subject Categories : Land and Riverine Navigation and Guidance
      Snow, Ice and Permafrost

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE