Accession Number : AD0777099

Title :   A Mnemonic Method for the Acquisition of a Second-Language Vocabulary.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : STANFORD UNIV CALIF INST FOR MATHEMATICAL STUDIES IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES

Personal Author(s) : Raugh,Michael R. ; Atkinson,Richard C.

Report Date : 15 MAR 1974

Pagination or Media Count : 76

Abstract : Four experiments are reported evaluating the effectiveness of a mnemonic procedure, called the keyword method, for learning a foreign language vocabulary. The method divides the study of a vocabulary item into two stages. The first stage involves associating the spoken foreign word to an English word that sounds like some part of the foreign word; the second stage requires the subject to form a mental image or picture of the keyword 'interacting' with the English translation. Thus, the keyword can be described as a chain of two links connecting a foreign word to its English translation: The foreign word is linked to a keyword by a similarity in sound (acoustic link), and the keyword is linked to the English translation by a mental image (imagery link). The experiments compare the keyword method for learning a Spanish vocabulary with various control procedures. Several theoretical issues related to the keyword method are examined; practical aspects of incorporating the method into a foreign language curriculum also are discussed. (Modified author abstract)

Descriptors :   *Vocabulary, *Learning, *Memory(Psychology), Language, Training, Computer aided instruction

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE