Accession Number : AD0777516
Title : Application of Electrical Energy to Culvert Icing Problems. A Laboratory Study.
Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,
Corporate Author : COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER N H
Personal Author(s) : Gaskin,David A. ; Stanley,Leonard E.
Report Date : MAR 1974
Pagination or Media Count : 45
Abstract : A laboratory study was made to investigate the use of electric heat cables to counteract culvert icing. An automatic system for producing a thaw tunnel of a preselected diameter was developed and tested. An 80-in.-long, 1 ft-diam culvert with a 10 ft copper sheath heating cable modeled a typical Alaskan installation. Tests were made to evaluate several continuous power levels, a short-term percentage timer, and the automatic system. Maximum efficiency (cross section produced/unit energy input) occurred when the cable was operated continuously at its maximum permissible power level. The short-term timer system was less efficient than applying the same amount of energy continuously. The automatic system performed well in the laboratory, but may need additional design work to ensure high reliability in field applications. (Modified author abstract)
Descriptors : *Roads, *Deicing systems, *Electric heaters, Drainage, Ice formation, Land ice, Cold regions, Cost analysis, Alaska, Computer programs, FORTRAN
Subject Categories : Snow, Ice and Permafrost
Air Condition, Heating, Lighting & Ventilating
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE