Accession Number : AD0780896

Title :   Design of Quarry-Stone Cover Layers for Rubble-Mound Breakwaters.

Descriptive Note : Research rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MISS

Personal Author(s) : Hudson,R. Y.

Report Date : JUL 1958

Pagination or Media Count : 68

Abstract : The first phase of the investigation, which dealt with the design of quarry-stone cover layers, is described. For the laboratory tests, small-scale rubble-mound breakwater sections are hand-constructed in a concrete flume 119 ft long, 5 ft wide, and 4 ft deep, and subjected to mechanically generated waves. The limit of stability of the armor units forming the protective cover layer is determined as a function of the wave dimensions, slope of exposed breakwater face, weight and specific weight of the armor units, and specific weight of the water in which the test sections are situated. Tests have also been conducted in which damage to the quarry-stone-type cover layer was determined as a function of wave height. Using the experimental data to determine the unknown functions in the derived equation, a new formula was obtained for the weight of armor units required to insure their stability when used as the cover layer of rubble-mound breakwaters. The new breakwater stability formula, and the experimental data obtained to date, provide the essential information for an improved method of designing rubble-mound breakwaters with cover layers composed of quarry stones placed pell-mell.

Descriptors :   *Breakwaters, Construction, Rock, Thickness, Stability, Porosity, Hydrodynamics, Water waves, Loads(Forces), Equations

Subject Categories : Civil Engineering

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE