Accession Number : AD0782199

Title :   Investigation of Rational Effluent and Stream Standards for Tropical Countries.

Descriptive Note : Annual rept. 1 Nov 71-30 Apr 73,


Personal Author(s) : Pescod,Mainwaring B.

Report Date : 28 MAY 1974

Pagination or Media Count : 61

Abstract : Water quality standards were reviewed and tentative stream standards proposed for use in developing countries of Southeast Asia on the basis of legitimate water uses and adaptation of available data to local conditions. A survey of stream standards and water uses applied in the Southeast Asian region indicated that few countries had adopted standards and practically no attempt had been made to adjust to suit local conditions. Experimental studies suggested that oxidation pond effluent would have a beneficial effect on the oxygen balance of a stream under tropical conditions provided that the algal concentration was not more than 10,000 cells/ml after dilution in the stream. Oxidation ponds were assessed as being more attractive than either trickling filter or activated sludge treatment plants for populations less than 175,000 and land rental costs of U.S. $0.10 per square meter per year or less. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Water pollution, *Water supplies, *Streams, *Southeast Asia, Standards, Quality, Irrigation systems, Sewage treatment, Drinking water, Oxygen, Fishes, Oxidation, Waste water, Costs, Thailand

Subject Categories : Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE