Accession Number : AD0784284

Title :   'In situ' EM Soil Properties Measurement: Instrumentation, Theory, and Method. Volume III.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 15 Feb 73-30 Sep 74,


Personal Author(s) : Hipp,Jackie E. ; Fountain,Lewis S.

Report Date : 07 JUN 1974

Pagination or Media Count : 156

Abstract : The purpose of this program was to develop field instrumentation to measure in situ electromagnetic (EM) soil properties required for land mine detection evaluation. An objective was to provide an rf measurement method for the frequency range 300-4000 MHz that would require the least amount of disturbance of the soil in its natural environment. After both theoretical and experimental analyses, special coaxial soil probes were designed, and two portable field kits were assembled and delivered to the Army. EM soil properties were obtained by first inserting a coaxial soil probe into the soil; the partially soil-filled coaxial waveguide was then treated as a lossy transmission line terminated in an open circuit. Measured values of the driving point impedance provided the necessary information to allow the EM soil properties to be derived using classical transmission line equations. A computer program was developed to obtain the necessary solutions.

Descriptors :   *Soil surveys, *Mine detection, Military research, Electromagnetic properties, Measurement, Probes, Instrumentation, Computer programs, Test methods, Soils

Subject Categories : Soil Mechanics
      Magnetic & Electric Fld Detection & Detectors

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE