Accession Number : AD0787490

Title :   Seawater as a Multicomponent Electrolyte Solution,

Corporate Author : ROSENSTIEL SCHOOL OF MARINE AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE MIAMI FLA

Personal Author(s) : Millero,Frank J.

Report Date : 1974

Pagination or Media Count : 78

Abstract : The authors review some of the new concepts of multicomponent electrolyte solutions and show how they can be applied to seawater. It is hoped that the application of these methods to the medium of seawater will provide a new approach to understanding the physical chemistry of seawater. Although the ion pairing models have proven to be very useful in discussing the interactions in seawater, it is not necessary to use this model to examine the physical chemistry of seawater. By using some of the new models for multicomponent electrolyte interaction, it is possible to estimate and treat the ionic interactions in seawater without invoking the concept of ion-pairing (even though ion pairing may occur). The authors attempt to answer such fundamental questions as: Can the physical chemical properties of seawater be treated as a simple electrolyte (e.g., sea salt). What are the properties of this sea salt. How do the properties of sea salt depend on the major components of seawater.

Descriptors :   *Sea water, *Electrolytes, Solutions(Mixtures), Transport properties, Ions, Interactions, Thermodynamics

Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Physical and Dynamic Oceanography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE