Accession Number : AD0802104

Title :   TERRAIN ANALYSIS BY ELECTROMAGNETIC MEANS. REPORT 2. RADAR RESPONSES TO LABORATORY PREPARED SOIL SAMPLES.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept. Nov 64-Apr 65,

Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS

Personal Author(s) : Lundien, Jerry R.

Report Date : SEP 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 99

Abstract : Laboratory tests were conducted with radar sensors to detect the presence of and measure the depth to subsurface interfaces when the surface was bare, and to determine the influence of vegetation at various stages of growth on radar responses. A secondary purpose was to continue earlier studies to relate radar returns and the electrical constants that they provided to moisture content and density of samples. Large laboratory samples were prepared at various moisture contents and densities and with various depths to a subsurface metal plate. Standard pulsed radar sensors operating with frequencies of 297, 5870, 9375, and 34,543 megacycles/sec and directed at various angles of incidence to the surface were employed. The results of this laboratory study indicate that the standard pulsed radar sensors can provide information that will permit an estimate of the moisture content of deep, homogeneous soil samples and the detection of surface vegetation of various heights. Radar signatures of vegetation-covered soil were more significantly altered at Ka-, X-, and C-band frequencies than at P-band frequencies. However, standard pulsed radar sensors used monochromatically cannot provide information for predicting depth to subsurface interfaces or for directly indicating the presence of a subsurface interface.

Descriptors :   (*TERRAIN, RADAR CROSS SECTIONS), (*SPECTRUM SIGNATURES, SOILS), RADAR REFLECTIONS, RADAR EQUIPMENT, RADAR SIGNALS, PULSE FREQUENCY MODULATION, MONOPULSE RADAR, PLANTS(BOTANY), CLAY, SILT, WHEAT, THICKNESS, TEST FACILITIES, CALIBRATION, REFLECTIVITY, ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY, DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES, TABLES(DATA), EXPERIMENTAL DATA, MOISTURE, DENSITY, NUMERICAL ANALYSIS, K BAND, X BAND, C BAND, P BAND.

Subject Categories : Soil Mechanics
      Active & Passive Radar Detection & Equipment

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE