Accession Number : AD0805431

Title :   CHARGED PARTICLE TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRON THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY IN THE UPPER ATMOSPHERE,

Corporate Author : PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV UNIVERSITY PARK IONOSPHERE RESEARCH LAB

Personal Author(s) : Banks, Peter M.

Report Date : 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 30

Abstract : The thermal conductivity of the electron gas plays an important part in determining the profiles of electron and ion temperature in the upper atmosphere. Previous calculations have been based upon the thermal conductivity derived for a fully ionized gas. In aeronomic conditions however, the contribution made by neutral gas particles must be introduced. In this paper an analysis is made of the effect of electron-neutral particle collisions and an appropriate expression is developed for the electron thermal conductivity which is applicable to weakly ionized plasma. It is found that a correction term needed to include the effect of neutral particles is of importance during both day and night at all altitudes below 220 km. In fact, at altitudes below 135 km it appears that the conduction term can be neglected in the electron energy balance equation. Using the derived expression for the effective electron thermal conductivity, an example of calculated temperatures characteristic of quiet solar conditions is presented. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*IONOSPHERE, THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY), (*CHARGED PARTICLES, TEMPERATURE), IONS, ELECTRONS, UPPER ATMOSPHERE, ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE, ELECTRON DENSITY, ELASTIC SCATTERING, KINETIC ENERGY, VELOCITY, ATMOSPHERE MODELS, BELGIUM, MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS.

Subject Categories : Atmospheric Physics
      Nuclear Physics & Elementary Particle Physics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE