Accession Number : AD0819092

Title :   TEMPERATURE, SALINITY, AND DENSITY OF THE WORLD'S SEAS: ARABIAN SEA, PERSIAN GULF, AND RED SEA.

Descriptive Note : Informal rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL OCEANOGRAPHIC OFFICE NSTL STATION MS

Personal Author(s) : LaViolette, Paul E. ; Frontenac, Theodore R.

Report Date : AUG 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 111

Abstract : The distribution and variation of the basic properties of water in this study area are influenced by the weather cycle and the current pattern with a monsoonal regime, the Asiatic and African landmasses, and the interplay of water masses formed in the Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf, and Red Sea. The highest surface temperatures and salinities in the world are observed in the Persian Gulf and Red Sea. The Arabian Sea, being part of the Indian Ocean, is more conservative and exhibits characteristics consistent with the distribution of physical properties in an open ocean. Local factors such as heating, precipitation, runoff, winds, currents, internal waves, proximity to land, and degree of cooling in the winter impress occasional and short-term variations on the distribution of temperature and salinity (and consequently on density) in the upper layers of the water in the area. These variations are found especially in the Persian Gulf and Red Sea.

Descriptors :   *OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA), (*SEA WATER, PHYSICAL PROPERTIES), (*RED SEA, SURFACE TEMPERATURE, DENSITY, SALINITY, PERIODIC VARIATIONS, DISTRIBUTION, WIND, BATHYTHERMOGRAPH DATA, THERMOCLINES, OCEAN CURRENTS, HEAT TRANSFER, MAPS.

Subject Categories : Physical and Dynamic Oceanography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE